Nepal is a country gifted with natural beauty. Lush forests, towering mountains, and exotic wildlife come together in Nepal’s impressive national parks system. For visitors who want to experience the biodiversity and landscapes of Nepal, these protected parks offer adventure and insight into Nepal’s ecological treasures.

Chitwan National Park: Nepal’s Largest National Park

One of Nepal’s most famous national parks is Chitwan, located in southern Nepal near the Indian border. Chitwan National Park is Nepal’s oldest and largest national park, covering an area of over 930 square kilometers. In 1984, Chitwan was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its incredibly rich biodiversity.

Chitwan contains a range of diverse ecosystems including deciduous forests, evergreen woods, oxbow lakes, and tall grasslands. The park provides a sanctuary for many endangered species like royal Bengal tigers and one-horned rhinoceros. In fact, Chitwan has one of the largest populations of one-horned rhinos left in the world. The park is also home to sloth bears, leopards, striped hyenas, wild elephants, and over 450 different bird species.

Visitors can safely experience Chitwan’s wildlife up close thanks to the park’s jeep safaris. Expert naturalist guides lead jeeps full of visitors across the park on thrilling tours. Along the way, eagle-eyed travelers may spot rhinos grazing, sloth bears foraging or even the elusive Bengal tiger. Jeep safaris allow visitors to immerse themselves in the natural beauty of Chitwan while minimizing their environmental impact.

In addition to jeep safaris, visitors to Chitwan can also embark on guided canoe trips down the park’s rivers. Floating silently down the Rapti River in a traditional dugout canoe increases the chances of spotting wildlife coming to the river to drink. Crocodiles, otters, birds and more may be viewed from a canoe vantage point.

With its rich wildlife, Chitwan National Park is a must-see for any visitor hoping to experience Nepal’s biodiversity. This impressive park protects some of the country’s most endangered species while providing sustainable ecotourism opportunities.

Sagarmatha National Park:

In northeast Nepal, Sagarmatha National Park contains the tallest peak on Earth: Mount Everest. Sagarmatha is a rugged national park that encompasses elevations ranging from deep river valleys to the highest point on the planet at 29,032 feet (8,848 meters).

Sagarmatha was established in 1976 and declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. The park aims to protect the unique natural and cultural heritage of the Mount Everest region. Visitors can admire breathtaking views of the Himalayas and trek through remote valleys that few ever experience.

Dramatic glaciers, alpine meadows, and pristine forests characterize Sagarmatha’s remote terrain. The park provides habitat for elusive snow leopards, Himalayan black bears, musk deer, and over 120 bird species including the colorful Himalayan monal pheasant. Rugged hiking trails wind past Buddhist monasteries and peaks named after early Everest climbers like Lhotse and Nuptse.

With proper preparation, training and Nepali guides, advanced hikers can attempt the challenge of trekking all the way to Mount Everest Base Camp. The hike typically takes 10-15 days round trip from the town of Lukla, allowing ample time to acclimate to the high altitude. Just catching a glimpse of the towering summit of Mount Everest is an experience of a lifetime.

Bardia National Park:

Situated in the western Terai region, Bardia National Park is a lesser-known but equally captivating wildlife sanctuary. Discover its vast grasslands, riverine forests, and pristine wilderness, which provide a refuge for endangered species like the Royal Bengal tiger and Gangetic dolphin. Gain insights into the park’s conservation initiatives, anti-poaching efforts, and the opportunities available for jungle walks, river safaris, and wildlife photography.

Langtang National Park:

Langtang National Park offers a unique blend of biodiversity and cultural heritage. Delve into the park’s conservation programs, including habitat restoration and community involvement, aimed at preserving its rich flora and fauna. Uncover the park’s fascinating wildlife, such as the red panda and musk deer, while also exploring the cultural treasures of the local Tamang and Sherpa communities.

Rara National Park:

Far less visited than Chitwan and Sagarmatha, Rara National Park in western Nepal offers serenity and pristine scenery for travelers who want to escape the crowds. Rara covers 106 square miles (298 km2) and contains Rara Lake, Nepal’s largest lake.

Rara Lake is an absolute visual gem. Its calm, blue waters reflect the surrounding forested hills and snowcapped peaks. Visitors can stroll along the serene shores, relax in a rowboat, or simply admire the postcard-perfect views.

In addition to the stunning lake, Rara National Park also protects Himalayan black deer, red pandas, leopards, black bears and hundreds of birds. Lush rhododendron forests burst into bloom each spring, scattering colorful flowers across the valleys.

With far fewer tourists than the more famous parks, Rara offers scenic solitude. Intrepid travelers passionate about nature will be rewarded with beautiful vistas and chances to spot rare wildlife roaming the peaceful hills.

Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park:

Located just a short distance from Kathmandu, Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park offers a peaceful escape from the bustling city. Explore the lush forests, hike to the peak of Shivapuri for panoramic views, and discover the diverse wildlife that calls this park home. Learn about the park’s conservation efforts, including reforestation projects and community involvement, aimed at preserving its natural beauty.

Makalu Barun National Park:

Situated in the eastern part of Nepal, Makalu Barun National Park is a remote and rugged wilderness area. It is home to diverse flora and fauna, including endangered species like the red panda and snow leopard. Discover the park’s challenging trekking routes, pristine lakes, and towering peaks, such as Mount Makalu, the fifth highest mountain in the world. Gain insights into the conservation initiatives undertaken to protect this ecologically sensitive region.

Shey Phoksundo National Park:

Located in the Dolpa district of western Nepal, Shey Phoksundo National Park is renowned for its stunning landscapes and the mesmerizing Phoksundo Lake, which changes color with the shifting light. Learn about the unique ecosystem of this park, characterized by alpine meadows, snow-capped peaks, and ancient monasteries. Explore the conservation efforts to protect rare species like the elusive snow leopard and blue sheep, and immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of the local Tibetan and Bon communities.

Bardiya National Park:

Situated in the western Terai region, Bardiya National Park is a hidden gem for wildlife enthusiasts. Discover the park’s dense Sal forests, grasslands, and river systems that provide a habitat for endangered species like the Bengal tiger, rhinoceros, and Gangetic dolphin. Learn about the conservation efforts, including community-based anti-poaching initiatives and wildlife research, contributing to the protection of this biodiverse region. Experience thrilling jungle safaris, birdwatching, and cultural encounters with the Tharu community.

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve:

Located in the eastern Terai region, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is a haven for birdwatchers and nature lovers. Explore the wetlands, marshes, and river channels that attract a staggering variety of migratory and resident bird species. Learn about the conservation projects aimed at preserving the delicate ecosystem, including the protection of endangered Ganges river dolphins and the unique Gangetic gharial. Engage in birdwatching excursions, river safaris, and immerse yourself in the tranquil beauty of this wildlife reserve.


Nepal’s national parks and wildlife reserves offer a diverse range of landscapes, ecosystems, and wildlife. Each park showcases the country’s commitment to conservation and provides visitors with opportunities to explore and appreciate the natural wonders of Nepal. By highlighting the unique features and conservation efforts of these additional parks, this blog aims to inspire travelers to venture beyond the well-known destinations and discover the hidden treasures that lie within Nepal’s protected areas.